This chapter, found on pages 23-30, focuses on the relationship between student agency and engagement and offers an interesting lens for analyzing activities. During our December IFL Week, we read and discussed this chapter and made connections to our work. Be sure to check out Figure 3 The Spectrum of Student Voice Oriented Activity on page 24; it offers a visual representation of the progression of students’ roles, responsibilities, and decision-making authority across different types of activities.

This summary offers highlights from classrooms around the world with high-functional formative assessment practices. It discusses ways teachers share responsibility for moving learning forward with students based on the premise that learning is a social process and requires joint responsibility. This joint responsibility reinforces the idea that students must be active collaborators in the process of planning, teaching, and learning.